What to do if you have a heart attack?

According to May Decl Science, the heartbeat is controlled by electrical impulses. When the pattern of these impulses changes, the heartbeat becomes irregular and uncontrollable, that is, too fast or too slow. A heart attack occurs when it occurs more often from seizures than from any other heart disease. I have the most votes. Every year more than one million cases are reported in our country, out of which 60 per cent die due to lack of timely treatment and 20 per cent become crippled.

Why does a heart attack happen?

A heart attack occurs due to two reasons – Ventricular and Atrial Fibrillation The heart has four chambers in which the lower two are called ventricles. In ventricular fibrillation, their vibrations change due to uncontrolled heartbeat, which reduces the ability of the ventricles to pump blood to the body. Result of a heart attack When the upper chamber of the heart, called the dia, in atrial fibrillation, the sinoatrial (SA) node fails to send the correct electrical signal. Fixed (SA) node, DAPI Occurs in the atrium and regulates the pumping process of the heart

Who is more at risk?

People with coronary heart disease (CAD) and those with large hearts are most at risk. People with locus cognitive heart disease and electrical impulse problems in the heart watch also fall prey to it. These risk factors include a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, frequent or excessive substance abuse, and high blood pressure. Obesity, family history, male gender and lack of potassium and magnesium in the body also increase its risk.

What signs before the tour

Before the attack, some warning signs emerge in the patient such as shortness of breath, dizziness, very weak, rapid heartbeat, chest pain and vomiting. If with these signs the patient faints or is having difficulty breathing, take him to the hospital immediately.

How is a heart attack confirmed?

For this, doctors do an electron test, which reveals irregular heartbeats. Apart from this, by doing some blood tests, we find out the level of potassium and magnesium in the blood, as well as find out from the chest X-ray whether there is any other problem in the heart.

Emergency medical care and treatment

From Emergency Medical Kanwar due to heart attack, The patient's life can be saved. Take him to the nearest hospital as soon as possible. In this case, the main purpose of treatment is to restore the blood supply in the body. For this, efforts are made to reactivate the heart with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and an electric shock is given to the heart through a defibrillator. In many cases, the electric shock causes the heartbeat to return to normal. If the patient's heartbeat is restored by any of these two methods, then doctors adopt these methods of treatment to prevent cardiac arrest in the future.
Medicines control diseases like cholesterol, blood pressure and diabetes with medicines.
Surgery repairs damaged valves and blood vessels of the heart. In this, blood flow is corrected by removing the blockage of the veins by angioplasty, bypass and other methods.
Exercise is the easiest way to keep the heart healthy. Regular exercise keeps the blood flow in the heart right, which improves cardiovascular health. 30 minutes of exercise or 45 minutes of walking daily keeps the heart healthy.
  A vegetarian diet with low fat and low salt keeps the amount of cholesterol in the body right. Reducing salt and sugar in food keeps blood pressure and sugar under control, while obesity is also reduced.
With the right treatment and diet, if your blood pressure is less than 130/80, fasting blood sugar between 70 and 100 mg per dl, blood cholesterol below 180 mg per dl, body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 and 24.9, waist If the circumference is less than 35 inches for women and less than 40 inches for men, then the chances of having a heart attack are reduced.

Outlook

A heart attack is a fatal condition, and treatment done within a few minutes of the attack is most beneficial. If a heart attack has happened once, then always keep the necessary medicines with you to prevent it in future. Never take diuretics, antibiotics, antipsychotics, antidepressants and sodium-blocking medicines without a doctor's advice. Do not do heavy exercise but do light exercise regularly. If the patient suffers from diabetes and blood pressure, then take these controlling medicines regularly and at the prescribed time. There are changes in the heart structure with age, if the patient suffers from any congenital heart disease, then he should visit the cardiologist twice a year so that according to the changes in the structure of the heart, he should keep his medication and lifestyle maintenance. Avoid smoking and other substance abuse. If you have had a heart attack once, quit smoking for the rest of your life.

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