Dholavira is a city where no one lives today! But thousands of years ago it was one of the most developed cities in the world and we did not even know about this till the independence of India.
It was discovered in 1967 when archaeologists did mining work here and they found the remains of a huge city buried under the ground, then an ancient city of India came in front of the world. Although Dholavira is a city of the Indus or Harappan civilization itself, Mohenjodaro, the main city of Harappa, which is the main city of Harappa, moved to Pakistan after India's independence. The remaining Harappan cities in India include Ropar (Punjab), Kalibanga (Rajasthan), Rakhigarhi (Haryana) and Lothal and Dholavira (Gujarat), of which Dholavira is being discussed today because UNESCO has listed Dholavira in the list of World Heritage Sites. given place.
Even before this, Mohenjodaro, the site of the Indus Civilization, has been included in the World Heritage Site, but it is currently in Pakistan. In such a situation, Dholavira is the first site of Harappan India which has been included in the World Heritage and with this, it has become the 40th UNESCO site of India.
It is a matter of pride for those interested in history and archaeology.
Little was known about the Harappan civilization before 1920 and we Indians also considered our history limited to the Vedic period. But the discovery of Harappa in 1920 and Mohenjodaro in 1921 presented evidence of the ancient developed splendid civilization of India and astonished the whole world because the Harappan civilization was the most developed of all the then civilizations. Harappan sites were urbanized and town planning at that time. Evidence of the best city system of the Harappans was the city grid system (#) of the Harappans, that is, their abuses cut each other at right angles.
The Harappans developed drains and built manholes (chambers) as well as used wooden pipes, like the sewage system of today. The drainage system in the city was the best among other cities in the world, they used to build houses using solid bricks and their houses had kitchens, bathrooms and separate bathing rooms.
Coins found from many places show that trade commerce was also in an advanced stage in the Indus civilization and this trade was also done with the civilizations of foreign countries such as Somalia and Mesopotamia apart from the internal places of the civilization. All these things prove that we were the world's highest quality builders and developed people 5000 years from now.
But such a developed civilization had become extinct in such a way that even its remains were not known to anyone for centuries, and even now, we can only guess based on the things found there, how religion will be there, society will be there. So how will it be, how will the people be, etc. etc?
By the way, you will be surprised to know that the people of the Indus civilization also knew how to write. Whereas the people of Vedic culture after them were not familiar with the art of writing and they used to move forward their literature by listening to them as 'Shruti Sahitya' i.e. from one generation to another. But we i.e. humans who consider themselves capable to go to Mars, but have not yet succeeded in reading the script of Indus.
Well, one day the script will also be read and we will know what was the civilization like. What was in it?
But we should learn from history that even before us, many people have come and gone in the world, they made very unique samples, many of which are still unsolved but those people have not even existed, no matter how much progress we humans make, we are very limited. Yes, no one is perfect and no one is forever. Better live a good life and live for yourself......
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